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Johann Gottfried Eichhorn

Johann Gottfried Eichhorn

Dörrenzimmern (Baden-Württemberg) 1752 - Göttingen 1827

German theologian, philologist and Orientalist. After studying in Göttingen, in 1775 he was made professor of Oriental languages at the Faculty of Theology of Jena and conducted fundamental research on the Pentateuch. Back in Göttingen in 1788 he lectured on political history as well. The contributions he made to the field of biblical exegesis were extremely important. He regarded many books of the Old Testament as spurious, of historical importance alone, with no religious value for modern times.

Main works: Geschichte des Ostindischen Handels vor Mohammed (Gotha 1775); Einleitung in das Alte Testament (Leipzig 1780-1783); Einleitung in die apokryphischen Bücher des Alten Testaments (Göttingen 1795); Übersicht der Französischer Revolution (2 vol., Göttingen 1797); Einleitung in das Neue Testament (Leipzig 1804-1812).

Bibliography: E. Sehmsdorf, Die Prophetenauslegung bei J.G. Eichhorn, Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1971; G. D’Alessandro, L’illuminismo dimenticato: Johann Gottfried Eichhorn (1752 - 1827) e il suo tempo, Napoli, Liguori 2000.

Verzeichniß der von weiland Geheimen Justizrath Johann Gottfried Eichhorn hinterlassenen Bücher welche nebst andern in einem Anhange verzeichneten vom 21sten Julius 1828 an Nachmittags von 1-2 Uhr und Abends von 6-8 Uhr in dem Hause des Weil. Gh. Fr. Eichhorn, Göttingen, Gebrüdern Baier 1828, IV + 368 p., in 4°.

The sale catalogue compiled on the death of Eichhorn consists of a continuous succession of 7806 bibliographic descriptions of printed books, divided in the index as follows: Libri theologici (nos.1-2346); Libri de linguis et literis Orientis (nos. 2347-2891); Libri de palaeographia, numis, inscriptionibus (nos. 2892-2963); Libri de philologia graeca et romana (nos. 2964-3806); Libri de linguis et literis recentioribus (nos. 3807-4095); Libri de philosophia et rebus paedagogicis (nos. 4096-4526); Libri historici (nos. 4527-5370); Libri geographici et statistici (nos. 5371-5647); Libri politici (nos. 5648-5833); Libri juridici (nos. 5834-5913); Libri mathematici physici (nos. 5914-6097); Libri de hystoria naturali, technologia, chemia (nos. 6098-9337 [sic]); Libri medici (nos. 6338-6527); Libri de artibus elegantioribus (nos. 6528-6753); Libri de literis universis (nos. 6754 [sic]-6574 [sic]); Appendix I (7575-7806; with no further distinctions by format and without following an alphabetical criterion). In the Appendix II there are the descriptions of 16 manuscript codex and of other 718 works, numbered in a continuous succession.

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last modify: 2011-01-15 09:57:28