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Johann Gottfried Herder



Johann Gottfried Herder

Mohrungen 1744 - Weimar 1803


German philosopher, theologian and man of letters. From 1762 he studied theology at the University of Königsberg, where he became a pupil of Immanuel Kant and became acquainted with Hamann; from 1765 to 1769 he was preacher in Riga and in 1771 he took a position as head pastor and court preacher at Bückeburg. In 1776 Goethe secured him a position as General Superintendent at the "Stadtkirche".

Main works: Auch eine Philosophie der Geschichte zur Bildung der Menschheit (Riga, Hartknoch 1774); Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit (Riga, Hartknoch 1784-1791); Gott. Einige Gespräche (Gotha, Ettinger 1787); Briefe zur Beförderung der Humanität; zehn Sammlungen (Riga, Hartknoch 1793-1797); Eine Metakritik zur Kritik der reinen Vernunft (Leipzig, Hartknoch 1799).

Bibliography: G. Günther, Herder-Bibliographie, Berlin, Aufbau Verlag 1978; D. Kuhles, Herder-Bibliographie 1977–1992, Stuttgart, Metzler 1994.

Updatings were published in the «Herder-Jahrbuch» of 1996 (years 1993-1994), 1998 (years 1995-1996), 2000 (years 1997-1999), 2002 (years 2002-2002), 2004 (years 2002-2003).

Online resources:

Bibliotheca Herderiana, Vismariae 1804, 349 p., in 8° (reprint: Leipzig, Zentralantiquariat der DDR; Köln, Böhlau 1980).

The sale catalogue compiled on the death of Herder consists of a continuous succession of 7320 descriptions (with a gap of 10 numbers between section no. 2 and section no. 3), organized in 5 sections: Libri theologici (nos. 1-1591), Libri philologici (nos. 1592-2892), Libri philosophici (nos. 2903-4760), Libri Juridici (nos. 4761-5018), Libri literarum et artium liberaliorum recentioris aevi (nos. 5019-7320). There follows part of the Libri incompacti e collati with a new enumeration (nos. 1-381), an appendix with new and separated enumerations of books (nos. 1-172), of geographical maps (nos. 1-46) and of art objects (nos. 1-16).
The catalogue is preceded by a short preface (dated Weimar, 28 August 1804) in which there is information, in addition to the sales procedures, of the existence of an abstract in possession of the Herder family that would include those titles missing in the printed catalogue. The preface states that the order of the catalogue is the same established by Herder.

Studies on the library: Franz Flaskamp, Herders Bücherkauf zu Lemgo: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Bibliotheca Herderiana, «Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für niedersächsische Kirchengeschichte», LXV, 1967, pp. 218-235.


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